Understanding the Different Types of Dementia

Part of determining what dementia nursing care plan in Fort Worth is right for your loved one is understanding what type of dementia he or she has. Alzheimer’s disease is the best known and most common form of dementia, but there are several others that each have their own set of symptoms and treatments. Here is a closer look at common forms of dementia.

Alzheimer’s Disease
About 60 to 80 percent of people who have dementia have Alzheimer’s disease. With this condition, protein fragments called plaques and twisted protein strands called tangles develop in the brain, alongside nerve damage. As a result, patients experience difficulty with short-term memory in early stages and later have impaired communication abilities, confusion, behavior changes, and difficulty with swallowing and walking. People with Alzheimer’s disease require continuous care, usually in an Alzheimer’s nursing home, as the disease progresses.

Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia typically occurs after a stroke as the result of brain injury or blood vessel blockage. In the early stages of vascular dementia, cognitive problems are more common than memory loss. How severe symptoms become and the exact impact on memory and physical function depend on the location and extent of the brain injury. It is possible to have both vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s together, along with other types of dementia. When this occurs, the condition is referred to as mixed dementia.

Dementia with Lewy Bodies
Lewy bodies are protein clumps that cause dementia when they appear in the cortex of the brain. As with Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss is a common early symptom of dementia with Lewy bodies. With this kind of dementia, patients often experience hallucinations, sleep disturbances, and Parkinson’s-like muscle movements early in the disease. Dementia with Lewy bodies can also occur with mixed dementia.

At Avalon Memory Care, our compassionate staff is trained to care for residents with all types of dementia. In our assisted living center, we provide around-the-clock care in a home-like environment, including medication management and mental health care. To learn more about our memory care services, please call (469) 802-3179.